The Church of the Flagellation is a Franciscan complex which includes a monastery located in the Muslim Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem, and is adjacent to the Church of the Condemnation and Imposition of the Cross. The site is traditionally marked as the place where the Roman soldiers flogged Jesus after he was convicted and sentenced to death by crucifixion (John 19:17-19).
The Church of the Condemnation and Imposition of the Cross is located in a Franciscan compound at Station 2 of the Via Dolorosa. This is the location which in tradition, Christian pilgrims to the Holy Land commemorate as the site where Jesus took up his cross after being sentenced to crucifixion (John 19:16). This belief was based on the discovery of a large Roman pavement stones, which are described in the Bible as part of Pilate’s judgment seat for the condemnation of Jesus.
St. Peter's Church served as a beacon for many centuries for pilgrims traveling by sea to the Holy Land because of its dominant location in Jaffa, and holds great significance to Christians traveling to the Holy Land today because the church is dedicated to St. Peter, one of the 12 disciples of Jesus. It was Simon whom Jesus renamed Peter, and said on to him “upon this rock I will build my church” (Matthew 16:18).